Stocktaking is the action or process of recording the amount of stock held by a business. There are various techniques of stocktaking, defined below:
1. Periodic stock count
2. Continuous or perpetual stock count
3. Pick accuracy
4. Stockout validation
5. Annual stocktake
1. Periodic Stock Count
Periodic stocktaking can be monthly, quarterly or half-yearly checking of the entire stock over one or two days dependent on the amount of stock. The method and process followed is similar to an annual stocktake i.e. all items of physical stock are counted and recorded on stock sheets or scanned and then compared with the stock validation file.
While inexpensive items may be checked once a year, expensive items or stock with sell-by-dates should be checked more regularly.
2. Continuous, Perpetual Stock Count
With this system stocktaking is done throughout the year as per a pre-determined plan of action. A-items may be counted monthly, B-items counted weekly and C-items counted daily. This means that a perpetual stock counting record for each item is maintained showing all transactions so that validations can be completed.
Investigations with regard to any discrepancies can be spread over the year and therefore correct comprehensive analysis can be achieved. Year-end accounts can also be prepared expeditiously if continuous validation is fulfilled as per a pre-determined plan.
There should be minimal or no impact on the operations of any stores as counting and validation is completed throughout the year based on perpetual stock validation files. Any checks can be completed on a regular basis of perpetual stock reports against the stock validation file and anomalies can be identified quickly.
3. Pick Accuracy
Pick accuracy involves checks that a business makes at the time of receiving stock from suppliers and/or while issuing items to store/customer. This is normally completed by picking orders going out to customers or within a warehouse, a cage is normally identified. This is where an invoice is present so that checks can be completed on the items going out or coming in against the invoice.
4. Stockout Validation
This method of stores stock validation is completed when a particular item is out of stock or levels of stock are very low. This type of validation is generally done by in-house staff. The stockout is recorded, reordered and reasons why the stockout has happened are identified to ensure the issue is not repeated.
5. Annual Stocktaking
When periodical stocktaking or continuous stock validation is not undertaken then an annual stocktake is essential. Annual stocktaking is completed once a year. In certain instances the warehouse or store may be closed for a few days or the stock count held out of working hours. In other places the receipts and invoices will be suspended until the stocktake is over. As with the periodic stocktake all items of physical stock are counted and recorded on stock sheets or scanned and then compared with the stock validation file.
Whichever stocktaking method you decide is best for you, stocktaking will provide the following crucial information for your business: